Anna Talley posted an articleThe DRS congratulates our newest fellow, Dr Jodi Forlizzi. see more
The DRS would like to congratulate our newest Fellow, Dr Jodi Forlizzi, Herbert A. Simon Professor of Computer Science and Human Computer Interaction and Associate Dean of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. We spoke with Jodi about her work in design research and what it means to be a Fellow of the Society.
How do you do design research? What is your work about?
Design research takes many forms, but my work seeks to draw out knowledge contributions from the work designers do naturally: understanding the current state, then codifying that understanding in the design of products, services, and systems that will lead to an improved future state. In my career, I have helped to establish design research as a legitimate form of research that is different from, but equally as important as, scientific and human science research. My current research interests include designing human-robot interaction as a service and human-AI collaboration in the domains of eldercare, accessibility, human assistance, and overall wellbeing.
How has the DRS supported your career and/or research in design and design studies?
The DRS has played a role in my career in a number of ways: First, in the conferences that bring experts from all over the world together to advance design research; second, in a community of collaborators; and third, in having the privileged opportunity to serve on the Executive Committee to help conceive the future of the DRS.
What are some of the benefits, in your view, of becoming a DRS Fellow? Why might others want to become a DRS Fellow?
I am excited to join this group of leaders! My hope is that my presence will help indicate DRS's commitment to diversity in membership and approaches to design research.
Where can people find out more about you and your research?
You can visit at my website or take a look at my Google Scholar page.
Did you know that we have made changes to our Fellowship nomination process? The process now allows for both self-nomination and nomination by any current member or Fellow of the Society. Head here to find out more about how to apply for a DRS Fellowship.
Anna Talley posted an articleNew Edition of "Research for Designers: A Guide to Methods and Practice" Out Now: An Interview with author Gjoko MuratovskiInterview with Gjoko Muratovski, author of "Research for Designers: A Guide to Methods and Practice" see more
"Research for Designers: A Guide to Methods and Practice", published by SAGE, is the second edition of Gjoko Muratovski's popular book, which was first published in 2016. The new edition features a Foreword by Ken Friedman, a co-authored Preface with Don Norman, an Afterword by Steven Heller, and a reflection by David Kusuma, the President-Elect of the World Design Organization. We asked Muratovski, a DRS Fellow, a few questions to get some insight into his new book and what impact it might have on design research.
What is your background in design research?
Short answer: I hold a PhD in Design Research and I am a Fellow of the Design Research Society. I do typical academic research – I write and publish – but I also work on industry-sponsored research projects.
Long Answer: I have a multidisciplinary design background. I came to academia from industry. Over time, I realized that that practicing design, without research to inform it, can be very ineffective. This is the reason why I went on undertaking a PhD in Design Research, which I completed in 2010. In 2011, I was commissioned by SAGE Publications to write their first design research textbook. They wanted someone who can approach this topic from multiple disciplinary perspectives and help standardize the way research for designers was taught. I spent the next five years working on this book. This became the first edition of the book “Research for Designers: A Guide to Methods and Practice”
Tell us a little about your new book. What has changed from the first edition?
The premise of the first edition was primarily focused on advocating for design research. But more importantly, the book was focused on introducing research methods to design students and practitioners in a way that seems less intimidating and more approachable. Most of the design research literature at the time was aimed at senior academics and as such, it was very difficult for newcomers to the field to embrace it. I tried to demystify the topic of research. I envisioned the book as a simple guide, offering step-by-step advice to those that may be studying these things for a very first time.
Since then, much of the things that I was advocating for in the first edition become widely accepted. The second edition of this book includes a new outlook for the future of the field (with focus on the Fourth Industrial Revolution), some content expansion, and minor revisions in some areas. The second edition also features a suite of exclusive case studies, introduced via expert interviews that highlight how design research can be used to its full potential. Some of the topics covered include how military intelligence officers use design research to combat nuclear terrorism; how ethnographic research became a tool for decolonizing design in Africa; how Johnson & Johnson revolutionized the medical devices design research process; how a company such as Tupperware Brands started a design partnership with NASA and the International Space Station; how the world's largest consumer goods company Procter & Gamble uses AI to drive design research; how the White House uses design to drive innovation in the US Federal Government, and more.
The fundamental research principles and methods that were featured in the first edition have not changed much. They were primarily based on the “gold standard” of research found in social sciences, and as such they didn’t require much revision. However, some of the context surrounding them needed an update so that the overall discourse stays current.
The book also features a Foreword by Ken Friedman, a co-authored Preface with Don Norman, an Afterword by Steven Heller, and a reflection by David Kusuma, the President-Elect of the World Design Organization.
For me, it was important to make sure that the book also looks good. After all, the primary audience for this book are designers. So, on this occasion, I invited Michael Bierut from Pentagram to design a new cover and visual identity for the book. He did an amazing job. His incredible body of work includes visual identity solutions for clients such as The New York Times, Saks Fifth Avenue, MasterCard, Benetton, and Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign.
How do you think your book will impact design research?
The first edition of the book has been put into practice by many universities and professional organizations who tested its relevance and usability. The book has proven to be a helpful tool for both students and teachers, and it has served as a handy resource during high-level industry projects as well. So far, the book has been used either as a core textbook, supplementary, or recommended reading at over 500 universities from around the world. The book can also be found in the corporate libraries of leading companies such as Apple, Amazon, IBM, Nike, Facebook, Procter & Gamble, Johnson & Johnson, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Ford, and General Motors. The book has even been used at the White House and by the US military, and due to popular demand, it has also been translated into Chinese by Tongji University Press.
Interestingly enough, students from many non-design disciplines have also found this book useful while writing their research theses. This has been in part due to the accessibility of the writing style, the allure of the field of design as a driver of innovation, and the universal applicability of some of the research methods featured in the book.
While originally intended to be a resource that helps designers develop critical thinking skills by learning fundamental research principles, this book is now much more than that. More than ever before, the world needs professionals capable of understanding complex issues, while facilitating collaborative, iterative practices, and dialogues with highly diverse stakeholders. The knowledge that this book provides is now seen as essential for anyone with the aspiration of becoming a human-centric leader.
What do you think the future is like for design research? Why is design research important now?
I think that the future of design research is bright. Design research is no longer on the fringes of academia. Over the last decade we have seen a widespread use of design research – in the corporate sector, the government sector, hospitals, and even the military. And the need for highly trained design researchers will only grow further. However, the question is, are we prepared to teach design research at the scale that is now needed? With this book, I hope to enable us to scale the way we teach design research.
But beyond this, future challenge for designers will not be to recognize obvious problems after they occur and then to solve them, but to prevent them from occurring in the first place. A systematic evidence-based research approach can help us create better-informed design practices and may even help us envision new kinds of design careers that are yet to be introduced.
Where can people find out more about you and your work?
Some of my work can be found on my profiles on Academia.edu and ResearchGate. But if anyone would like to learn more about me and what do I do, then it might be best for them to join me on LinkedIn. (https://www.linkedin.com/in/gjokomuratovski/)
Link to the book: https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/research-for-designers/book270503
Link to my profile on the SAGE website: https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/author/gjoko-muratovski
DRS Fellow Chuck Owen died on 17th October 2019, aged 86 see more
In Memory of Professor Charles Owen, 1933-2019
We lost another outstanding design researcher and DRS Fellow when Charles ("Chuck") L. Owen died on 17th October 2019, aged 86.
He was one of the pioneers of design research, joining the Institute of Design at IIT Chicago in 1965, having studied both product design and computer science. At IIT he founded and directed the Design Processes Laboratory, and for many years published and distributed the Design Processes Newsletter, which was one of the ways research news was disseminated all those years ago. I met him for the first time when he came to Europe in the early 1990s on a study tour of PhD design work, prior to establishing the PhD programme at the Institute of Design. Several DRS Members and Fellows around the world are former students of his.
Chuck Owen was a prolific researcher, working in design theory and methodology and computer aided design across domains from product design to urban planning. Perhaps his most significant research contributions were in linking design and systems studies in new approaches to complex systems design. He published several papers in Design Studies, the most recent being "Evaluation of Complex Systems" (2007).
Some of his projects with colleagues and students at the Institute of Design made important contributions in environmental and urban planning. This includes Project Phoenix, which began in 1988 and gained international attention. The project investigated and proposed how to mitigate the global effects of greenhouse gases. Another example is the Future Living project, a systems study of housing design to support good standards of living while maximising environmental standards and economic self-sufficiency.
In 1997 Charles Owen was elected an Honorary Member of the Japanese Society for the Science of Design, and the IIT Institute of Design honoured him by establishing an endowed chair for design research in his name in 1999. He was elected an Honorary Fellow of DRS in 2007.
Nigel Cross, Emeritus Professor, The Open University, UK
Recent passing of Professor Victor Margolin and Professor Charles L. Owen see more
Victor Margolin and Charles L. Owen
We were deeply saddened to hear about the recent death of Professor Victor Margolin, one of our Honorary Fellows and the recipient of a lifetime achievement award from the DRS in 2016 for his huge contribution to design research. His outstanding scholarship in design criticism, theory and history will be deeply missed by the research field and our thoughts are with his family and colleagues at this time.
Victor’s passing follows the recent death of Professor Charles L. Owen, who was made an Honorary Fellow of the DRS in 2007 and served on the Editorial Board of Design Studies for many years. Charles’ ground-breaking and widely published research using computers to analyse and support design processes has provided inspiration to many present-day design researchers. Our thoughts are with his family and colleagues.
Peter Lloyd, Acting Chair of the DRS said “Victor and Charles were two huge figures in making design research the field it is today and the DRS was proud to honour their achievements. They will both be deeply missed."
Victor's funeral will take place on Tuesday December 3rd. Arrangements can be found in the attachment and messages can be sent to Victor's daughter: firstname.lastname@example.org
Charles L. Owen: https://id.iit.edu/people/charles-l-owen/
Victor Margolin: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Margolin
The DRS is proud to announce three new Fellows: Gjoko Muratovski, Hua Dong and Teal Triggs. see more
Announcing Three New DRS Fellows
Gjoko Muratovski is Director and Endowed Chair at The Myron E. Ullman, Jr. School of Design, University of Cincinnati (USA). Gjoko gained his PhD on Design Research and Corporate Communication Strategies from the University of South Australia (Australia) in 2010. Prior to his post at the University of Cincinnati, Gjoko worked at Auckland University of Technology (New Zealand) and Swinburne University of Technology (Australia). He is currently Seed Consultant to Stanford Institute for Innovation in Developing Economies, Stanford University (USA) and Inaugural Scholar-in-Residence at Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater (USA). His research interests cover evidence-based design research, human-centred design, communication design, transportation design, mobility and branding. He has published extensively on these topics.
Hua Dong completed her PhD in 2005 at the Cambridge Engineering Design Centre. In the last 15 years, she has conducted research related to design at the University of Cambridge, Brunel University, Tongji University and now Loughborough University as Professor of Design. Hua has published widely and served as a reviewer for many international journals and conferences. She has won grants from research councils in the UK and a number of research grants and prestigious fellowships from China, including the Thousand Young Talents Fellowship and EastChina Scholar Fellowship. Hua’s research focuses on inclusive design and she is coordinator of the DRS Inclusive Design Special Interest Group (InclusiveSIG). Hua is also a member of the DRS2020 Programme Committee.
Teal Triggs is Professor of Graphic Design and Associate Dean at the Royal College of Art School of Communication. She was awarded a PhD from the University of Reading Department of Typography & Graphic Communication in 2006. Teal has been an academic champion for research and teaching in Graphic Design for over thirty years and has authored numerous publications on many aspects of graphic design. She was awarded a lifetime membership in ico-D for her contribution to graphic design research and education. Teal has also co-curated exhibitions on graphic design as a lead researcher collaborating with colleagues from the Royal College of Art (UK) and RMIT (Australia). Teal has been an editor and an editorial board member for a number of international academic journals and continues to champion graphic design globally.
Gjoko, Hua and Teal were granted DRS Fellowships in autumn 2019. The DRS Fellowship program recognises an established record of achievement in design research, and attainment of peer recognition as a researcher of professional standing and competence. More details about this honour are available here.
Rachel Cooper, DRS President
Discussion with Alpay Er, a DRS Fellow see more
This Much I Know (About Design Research): Alpay Er
This Much I Know (About Design Research) is an interview series that profiles interesting DRS members – and, in this case, a DRS Fellow. In this edition, we spoke with Alpay Er about his research on industrial design in developing economies and his thoughts on design society memberships. Er works at Özyeğin University in İstanbul and is chair of the Department of Industrial Design.
How did you start out in industrial design?
I received my first degree from the Middle Eastern Technical University in Ankara, Turkey in ’88. I went on to work in a department of furniture manufacturing at another university in Ankara, and as a research and teaching assistant.
Then graduate school?
Yes, I studied at Manchester Polytechnic (now Manchester Metropolitan University) in the UK. My PhD research explored the development of industrial design industries in newly industrialised countries. My design experiences in Turkey really inspired me!
What was your experience during those early years in Turkey?
There was a mismatch between our industrial design education imported directly from industrialised market economies, and our own economic realities in Turkey. We were trained to work in a fully competitive market – that simply wasn’t the situation in Turkey.
Do you still explore these issues in your research?
Absolutely – I study development economics to understand relationships between design industries and regional/local contexts. Social and economic factors are so important in the formation of design industries!
You’ve held some impressive academic positions – can you tell me about them?
I’ve worked at several universities in Turkey: Hacettepe University, Istanbul Technical University (ITU) and now Özyeğin University, where I’m chair of the Department of Industrial Design. I’m also a longtime ICSID/World Design Organization (WDO) board member; I have served on the WDO board three times since 2011.
And, of course, you’re a DRS Fellow!
Yes! I got involved with the DRS back in the 1990s; my PhD supervisor John Langrish was a leading figure in the Society. The DRS invited me to become a fellow in 2006.
What do these society memberships mean to you?
The DRS network makes you feel that you are not alone as a design researcher. And, being a DRS Fellow is an honour. It shows recognition of my work and provides a sense of authority to my ideas. Memberships are also useful in Turkey. They provide a link to a broader community and build local awareness toward design research.
Looking to the future, what new researchers and research specialisations are you most excited by?
I’ve noticed some fabulous young researchers in the field of design history with an increasing interest in the role of design in social and economic development in emerging contexts. Some of these folks are studying and working at the University of Brighton. I’m inspired by their work on design/design for development, topics I’ve been passionate about for many years.
Any parting words to share with our members?
“Work for money, design for love” – I saw this quote at a carpet design storefront at the Grand Bazaar in İstanbul. That’s how I feel about design research, and it's served me well over the years.
Interested in getting involved in this interview series? Tell us about your work or nominate another researcher. Contact Isabel at email@example.com.